The National Rural Water Association (NRWA) PFAS Contamination Lawsuit

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Napoli Shkolnik has partnered with The National Rural Water Association (NRWA) to bring together utility systems from across the country that have concerns or have been affected by PFAS contamination. This potential landmark contamination case could help water and wastewater systems recoup money spent on treatment and remediation.


Leading the Fight for Water Districts Around the Country

More than 1500 drinking water systems across the U.S. may be contaminated with PFOA and PFOS.
According to a May 2018 Environmental Working Group (EWG) Report.

What are PFAS?

PFCs or perfluorochemicals also called perfluoroalkyls³ are a group of man-made chemicals that include PFOA, perfluorooctanoic acid, and PFOS, perfluorooctane sulfonic acid. As a group, these chemicals are persistent in the environment and remain in your blood for many years. How many people are exposed? Currently, over 15 million Americans are drinking water polluted with PFCs,² while up to 110 Million Americans could have PFAS-contaminated drinking water.

Health Effects:

Studies have shown that PFOA and PFOS can cause “reproductive and developmental, liver and kidney, and immunological effects in laboratory animals... Both chemicals have caused tumors in animal studies.”


People can be exposed to PFCs through food, drinking water, and/or biodegradation of consumer products. PFCs are readily absorbed by the body and once ingested they may persist in the body for long periods of time.

Where are PFCs found?

  • Foams used to fight fires
  • Furniture and carpets treated for stain resistance
  • Treated clothing that is stain resistant or waterproof
  • Fast food or packaged food containers, such as french fry boxes, pizza boxes, hamburger wrappers, and microwave popcorn bags
  • Makeup and personal care products, such as dental floss, pressed powders, nail polish, and shaving cream with ingredients that have ‘perfluoro’ in the name
  • Floor care products
  • Cleaning products

Where did PFC Emissions come from?

PFCs do not occur naturally in the environment. They have been manufactured for more than 50 years. PFOS and PFOA are a group of first-generation of PFCs that are being phased out due to their potential hazards.” These hazards have resulted and will result in litigation and a number of national and international legislative bans worldwide. Despite the EPA’s Lifetime Health Advisory and established Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) for PFOA and PFOS, PFC contamination from AFFF persists.

Polluters need to be held accountable for their contamination, which water districts must remediate with customer money.



Litigation Combats Hazards of Aqueous Film-Forming Foam Products